People usually suffer from cholesterol issues, but inherently don’t know what LDL and HDL cholesterol is. Often times, we don’t know its real factors, such as its symptoms, causes, potential treatment available for it. So, in this article, we cover these essential details of good and bad cholesterol for informational purposes.

LDL and HDL cholesterol

What is cholesterol?

Cholesterol is a type of lipid made from oil and a waxy substance. This substance is present in every cell of the body because it has important natural functions such as digestive roles, hormone production and vitamin D production. There are two basic types of cholesterol, HDL and LDL, which are then divided into the range and measure of cholesterol.

Types of cholesterol

  • Low density lipoprotein (LDL)
  • High density lipoprotein (HDL)

Bad and good cholesterol are also reported as LDL (low density lipoprotein) and HDL (high density lipoprotein) respectively. So, below, we have discussed what LDL and HDL cholesterol levels are and how to keep them under control.

Also read: Low Carb Foods

What is bad cholesterol (LDL)?

what is bad cholesterol

LDL refers to low density lipoproteins often referred to as “bad” cholesterol. It is considered unhealthy for the body because it builds up in the walls of your blood vessels, which increases your chances of health problems like heart disease or stroke. But not all cholesterol is dangerous, your body needs it to protect its nerves and build healthy cells and hormones.

LDL cholesterol level

There are a few numbers that can be determined when checking your LDL. The lower the number of numbers, the better for you. From there, we pulled out some important low cholesterol figures in adults.

  • Good – Less than 100 mg / dL and less than 70 mg / dL
  • Moderately high – 130-159mg / dL
  • High – 160 mg / dL or more;
  • Very high – 190mg / dL and above, (considered very poor to have in the body).

Causes of low density lipoproteins

Every effect has a cause, so there must be some factors that lead to increased cholesterol and low triglyceride levels. However, there are some factors you can control, such as inactivity, obesity, and unhealthy eating. But some factors are beyond your control, like your genetic build-up, that could make it harder for your body to clear LDL cholesterol from your blood or to break it down in the liver. Some people with medical conditions are also seized in unhealthy cholesterol levels. These conditions include:

  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Lupus
  • Diabetes
  • HIV / AIDS
  • Arterial hypertension

Other factors that can cause high cholesterol

  • Eat foods high in cholesterol,
  • saturated fats,
  • trans fat
  • inactivity
  • smoking
  • Hereditary

Foods high in cholesterol to avoid

Hypercholesterolemia is mainly found in animal products, such as meat, eggs and dairy products. The best way to deal with this is to limit your intake of foods that are high in cholesterol.

For example, these products mentioned below contain high levels of LDL cholesterol:

  • liver and other organ meats
  • fatty pieces of red meat
  • eggs, especially yolks
  • high fat dairy products, such as whole cheese, milk, ice cream and butter.

Also read: Foods to increase blood count

Foods That Can Lower LDL (Low Density Lipoproteins)

What we eat is an essential part of what we get into our body. Our food contains all the good and bad elements that we may or may not know. Food has the ability to induce or reduce LDL cholesterol levels. So you can add this food which can potentially lower your LDL.

How to lower bad cholesterol

One can certainly control and lower the increased cholesterol levels through various simplified and easy ways. Such as lifestyle, which includes bad or unfavorable habits in us which leads to bad cholesterol. Your choices can make a huge difference in the way your body reflexes and lives. So you can try the changes mentioned below in your lifestyle for better results.

  1. Add exercise as a routine
  2. Reduce smoking
  3. Minimize alcohol consumption
  4. Test weight
  5. Don’t stress too much
  6. Reduce total fat

What is good cholesterol (HDL)?

what is good cholesterol

HDL stands for High Density Lipoprotein. It is commonly referred to as “good” cholesterol because of its essential function in the body as it flushes other harmful bad cholesterol out of the body and gives it to the liver to flush unnecessary and unhealthy cholesterol from the body. It is believed that higher HDL levels reduce the risk of various heart diseases.

HDL cholesterol level

HDL levels should be kept higher in general.

  • Risk factor: less than 40 mg / dL
  • Low limit: 41 mg / dL to 59 mg / dL
  • Optimal: 60 mg / dL or more.

Also read: Foods rich in protein

How to boost HDL

When we talk about proper cholesterol levels, we can say that higher levels of HDL (High Density Lipoprotein) cholesterol, also considered “good” cholesterol, can be beneficial for your heart. It potentially removes excess fat from the blood, helps the arteries to be clean and unobstructed, and may protect you against heart disease, heart attacks, and strokes.

So the best way to get a good amount of HDL in the body is through medication or you can adopt a new, healthier lifestyle. Although many people take the medications needed to control their cholesterol levels, it is suggested that this be done by simply making lifestyle changes.

There are many habits that are great for your overall health and can also help boost HDL.

Here are some of them:

  • Keep blood pressure under control
  • Take healthy fats
  • Adopt healthier cooking methods

Foods for HDL (high density lipoproteins)

Sometimes, you can lower your cholesterol level without the help of medication if it does not cause any serious problem in the body. For example, it may be enough to eat a nutritious diet or exercise regularly and avoid smoking tobacco products in order to maintain cholesterol levels. But some people need a doctor’s help and medication to improve their cholesterol levels.

However, getting these foods in your diet can help you get adequate and reasonable amounts of HDL.


Therefore, to conclude the article, we can safely say that LDL and HDL cholesterol must be in balanced amount in the body. Additionally, we need to be fully aware of what to eat and what to avoid in either case, otherwise it can worsen and complicate HDL or LDL.

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