Full Form of COMPUTER: Derived from Latin word “computus” and “computare” which, in English, means “to compute” i.e., to determine by mathematical means.

Image of a Modern Computer- Full Form of Computer

However, over time people have formed different abbreviations/full form of the computer on their own, based upon the works/tasks that can be achieved using a computer, one such example is: Common Operating Machine Purposely Used for Technological and Educational Research. However, keep in mind that no such full form of computer is marked, official. Also, Check Out the full form of India

A computer is basically a general-purpose hardware device/ machine which can be programmed to carry out arithmetic and logical computations automatically. Earlier computers were mechanical, though faster than the normal human speed they were not as efficient as the modern computers which are based on IC (Integrated Circuits) and also occupied much larger spaces(usually they require a complete room for one computer) and had high cooling requirements. Modern computers occupy a fraction of the space required by mechanical computers and can be easily hand-held e.g. our mobile phones. Also, modern computers are a million to a billion times more efficient than mechanical ones and have lesser cooling requirements.

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Charles Babbage, an English mechanical engineer, and polymath is considered the “father of the computer” as he was the one who first invented the mechanical computer in the early 19th century.

Image of a Modern Computer- Full Form of Computer

A computer has four main components namely: 

  1. Control Unit(CU) 
  2. Central Processing Unit(CPU) 
  3. Arithmetic Logic Unit(ALU) 
  4. and Memory.

Mandatory hardware parts of a computer include VDU(Visual Display Unit)/Monitor, Mouse, CPU,  Keyboard.

Optional hardware parts of a computer include a Printer, Microphone, Speaker, UPS, Headphones, Joystick, etc.

With the advancement of technology, the miniaturization of computers has led to the invention of many more similar and highly modified computers like Laptops, Palmtops, Digital Diaries, Mobile(Smart) Phones, tablets, PDAs, Wearable Computers, Portable Computers.

A computer helps to solve problems exactly in the way it has been programmed to irrespective of the efficiency, alternative solutions, possible shortcuts or possible errors in the code. This use of computers is technically called “Artificial Intelligence”.  That is how a computer proves to be one of the most intelligent objects that a human brain has devised.

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